Bibliography: p. 47-48.
|LC Classifications||SF77 .C3|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||51|
|LC Control Number||68063491|
Dogs and cats occupy a particularly important place in American society in their roles as companion, work, and hobby animals. In addition, they serve as important animal models for research that has advanced both human and animal health. This multifaceted relationship with humans has fostered an uneasy tension between general society and the scientific . how dogs and cats benefit from animal research Follow the hyperlinks to see blog posts with more information about how each treatment was developed with animal research, and how each has been used to save and improve the lives of both people and their companion animals. In , University of Minnesota used live dogs and live cats who were obtained from animals shelters, students, or clients and returned. Similarly, in , the University used dogs and cats, and in , it used dogs and cats. Exposing the supply and use of dogs and cats in higher education records which provided a wealth of information crucial in the findings of this report, and to a local veterinarian whose timely arrival as our resident consultant was an invaluable aid to our understanding of clinical veterinary education protocols.
It is unconscionable that dogs, the most popular companion animals in the country, are used as research subjects in laboratories, but that is the tragic truth. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) reports show that tens of thousands of dogs are used in research, testing, teaching, or experimentation in the U.S. every year by research. In , % of Animal Welfare Act-covered species used in research, testing and teaching in the U.S. were cats. Cats have been used extensively as research subjects in neurological studies, in studies of vision and hearing, and to study immunodeficiency diseases. They have been used both as models for human diseases and for studies specific. Approximately 10 million animals are used for crude classroom dissection exercises annually in the U.S. PETA’s investigations into biological supply companies, which sell animal bodies and parts, have uncovered acts of cruelty to animals, including the drowning of rabbits and the embalming of cats while they were still alive. Although Americans consider dogs and cats as household pets, many are harmed and killed for teaching and training purposes despite the availability of effective alternatives. Based on a review of 92 U.S. public universities’ records, 52% are using live or dead dogs in harmful teaching exercises in undergraduate life science, veterinary, and.
THE “3RS” PRINCIPLE. The universal principle that guides biomedical research on animals is the “3Rs” doctrine of Russell and Burch (; see also NRC ) that promotes reduction, refinement, and replacement of research animals whenever scientifically feasible. As discussed in Chapter 2, the number of dogs and cats used in research has been dwindling for the past 20 . Cat. 1. Cats were crucial for understanding the nervous system As reliable anaesthetic methods and delicate instruments to examine the nervous system have been developed, cats have been used to study a variety of neurological problems, such as epilepsy, deafness, and vision problems, making great contributions to our understanding of the nervous system. According to the National Anti-Vivisection Society (NAVS) website: "Cats are common experimental subjects in neurological studies, like studies of spinal cord injuries, and in studies of hearing and vision disorders. They are used in research for type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hematological disorders, and immunological studies. As cats can contract feline . According to the National Research Council Committee on Scientific and Humane Issues in the Use of Random Source Dogs and Cats in Research (National Research Council, ), peak use of cats occurred in Since that time, the number of cats used in research has fallen by 71%, with more than 98% of those cats being purpose bred for research.